The Russian Tortoise 
Agrionemys horsfieldii ( Testudo horsfieldii)  

Russian Tortoise Subspecies Characteristics

Russian Tortoise

There are 3 main subspecies : T. h. horsfieldii (T. h. h.), T. h. kazachstanica (T. h. k.), and T. h. rustamovi (T. h. r.). The majority of those found in the US seem to be T. h. kazachstanica and T. h. rustamovi. The following should help you decide which subspecies you have. (reprinted from posts on the Russian tortoise list)


T. h. h.

T. h. k.

T. h. r.

Carapace shapemoderately flat clearly convexdomed
Posterior carapace
abrupt abruptmoderate
nodule on
basic carapace
color (background)
brown/greenish yellowishhorn
scutes with ray



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